Difference between Bureaucratic and Participatory Management
Before going to the difference between bureaucratic and participatory management in administration in the context of developing countries, we are should have idea about the bureaucratic management and the participatory management.
Bureaucratic management is an administrative policy-making group and non-elective government officials body which is operated an organization in an effective and rational way. It is also called the Weberian bureaucracy. In bureaucratic management has following principles. Such as: –
- Proper division of labor
- Chain of command
- Separation of personal and official property
- Application of consistent and complete rules
- Selection and promotion based on qualifications
Participatory management is the exercise of empowering members of a group as like employees of a business or citizens of a civic, to contribute in managerial decision-making. The features of participatory management are: –
- Provided higher status to employees
- Provided psychological satisfaction to employees
- Universally recognized concept
- Brings employees and management closer
- Beneficial to both parties
Difference between Bureaucratic and Participatory Management:
The difference between bureaucratic and participatory management in administration in the context of developing countries. These difference between bureaucratic and participatory management have happened in several perspectives. Such as: –
- Objective Perspective
- Scope Perspective
- Nature Perspective
- Structural Perspective and
- Process Perspective
1. Objective Perspective:
The difference between bureaucratic and participatory management in objective perspective. The objective of bureaucratic management is the total change of the system. Whereas participatory management’s focus is to uphold the status quo.
2. Scope Perspective:
The bureaucratic management is very limited. And participatory management is very wide as like political, social, economic, administrative etc.
3. Nature Perspective:
In the context of nature, the difference between bureaucratic and participatory management in administration in the context of developing are as follows:
- Participatory management is innovative in nature involving creative and experimental ideas. But the bureaucratic management has the lack of positive thinking in nature.
- The characteristic of bureaucratic management is upper-class orientation. Participatory management is dealt with all class.
- In the difference between bureaucratic and participatory management in administration, bureaucratic management is desk oriented. Participatory management is field oriented.
- Bureaucratic management is an executive type and participatory management is the managerial type.
- Participatory management is dynamic. The bureaucratic management is static.
- Bureaucratic management has created the dichotomy between politics and administration. And participatory management is denied the dichotomy.
- The concept of accountability draws much attention in participatory management. In the bureaucratic management, accountability is not the necessity.
- The focus of participatory management is downward. But that of bureaucratic management is upward.
- Bureaucratic management plays the reactive role. Measures are taken when problems arise. On the other hand, participatory management is proactive in nature. It thinks of the problem and takes precautionary measure before its commencement.
- In bureaucratic management, there is strict adherence and compliance with existing rules, regulations, and procedures. It always goes by procedures. Management is always afraid of taking any pioneering effort. On the other hand, participatory management goes by experimentation. It is concerned with experience based pioneering effort bringing about a change in the society.
- Another attribute of the bureaucratic system is held by the paternalistic of Maa-Baap attitude and the role of the bureaucracy. This attitude of bureaucracy and the dependence obedience attitude event the elected representative of the people are visible in many places. Participatory management denies it and seeks cooperation from all.
- Bureaucratic management arises largely from the fact that an attention is directed toward the organizational structures. It suffers from the attempt to avoid value judgment. It is mainly concerned with “what is” rather than with improved performance. Participatory management attaches importance to the process with proper emphasis on human attitudes.
- Bureaucratic management often concerns with partial reform whereas participatory management does not appreciate it.
4. Structural Perspective:
The structure is the functional outline of the system. It defines who is where and how of the organization. The difference between bureaucratic and participatory management in respect of structure. Such as: –
- The first difference between bureaucratic and participatory management in structural perspective. Bureaucratic management’s structure is very simple and very complex structure of participatory management.
- In the difference between bureaucratic and participatory management, bureaucratic management is followed strictly the departmental form of management. Very less attention is drawn in participatory management.
- Participatory management requires local government units linking. And bureaucratic management is not required to link with local government.
- Another basic difference between bureaucratic and participatory management lies in the presence of planning organization in the participatory management. As it need not planned change so the bureaucratic management lacks in the sense of development. This body of participatory management is instituted in collaboration and co-operation with the members of deferent ministries and departments.
5. Process Perspective:
There are several important differences between bureaucratic and participatory management respect of the numerous process perspective. Such as: –
- In bureaucratic management leadership is authoritative. But in participatory management leadership is legitimacy and cooperation.
- Decision making is centralized in bureaucratic management. And in participatory management participative decision making is participative. This is an important difference between bureaucratic and participatory management.
- Participatory management is used the multi-dimensional communication system. And bureaucratic management is used the unidimensional communication system.
- In the difference between bureaucratic and participatory management, bureaucratic management is less coordination oriented and participatory management is strong coordination oriented.
- The methods of motivation in participatory management are indirect and in bureaucratic management, it is direct in the difference between bureaucratic and participatory management of process perspective at a motivational topic.