Traditional Public Administration (TPA) Paradigms
Today we try to discuss about the paradigm of Tradition Public Administration (TPA). And next will be discussed about the Modern Public Administration Paradigms. From Higher Study, in this writing is not delivered the details rather than here will touch the main points of discussion topic.
Tradition Public Administration (TPA) Paradigms:
Traditional Public Administration (TPA) or public administration as both theory and practice began in the late nineteenth century and lasted in most Western countries largely unchanged until the last quarter of the twentieth century. The beginning of the traditional model is best seen in mid-nineteenth century Britain. However, the Paradigms of Tradition Public Administration (TPA) are five. Such as:-
- Politics/Administrative Dichotomy
- Principles of Administration
- Public Administration as Political Science
- Public Administration as Management
- Public Administration as Public Administration
Politics/Administrative Dichotomy (1900-1926):
The first paradigm of traditional public administration (TPA) is Politics Administration Dichotomy. Formerly US President Woodrow Wilson published a book “The Study of Administration”. From this book was created the dichotomy between politics and administration. Here, he included two activities of the state. Such as:-
- Politics activities
- Administration activities
About the administration was not detailed from him. But its thinking was accepted, two administrators. They were Frank J. Goodnow and L. D. White.
Frank J. Goodnow:
Frank J. Goodnow published a book “Politics and Administration”. Here he mentioned that politics is a policy of state and administration is the implementation of state policy.
L. D. White:
L. D. White published a book “Introduction to the Study of Public Administration”. It is the first book in the field of public administration. Here he said that politics is separated from the administration.
Principles of Administration (1927-1937):
Principles of Administration is the second paradigm of traditional public administration (TPA). W. F. Willoughby published a book that name is “Principles of Administration”. In this paradigm contributed many administrators to develop the principles of administration. They were Mary Parker Follett, Henri Fayol, James Mooney & Alan Reiley.
|Mary Parker Follett||Creative Experience|
|Henri Fayol||General and Industrial Management|
|James Mooney & Alan Reiley||Principles of Organization|
|Frederick Winslow Taylor||Scientific Management|
Luther Gulick and Lyndall Urwick published a book “Papers on the Science of Administration”. Here had included the POSDCORB. It is an ideal principles of public administration.
- P = Planning
- O = Organizing
- S = Staffing
- D = Directing
- CO = Cooperating
- R = Regulating
- B = Budgeting
Public Administration as Political Science (1950-1970):
Public administration as political science is the third paradigm of Tradition Public Administration (TPA). In this session, public administration was gotten the second status of political science. And the public administration was lost its importance to make a separate field or subject.
Public Administration as Management (1956-1970):
In this Tradition Public Administration (TPA) paradigm, public administration has declined the tendency of the second status of political science. Here coded public administration as the proclamation of management.
Although the public administration is made from political science, it is passed the childhood life through management to reach the youth life.
Public Administration as Public Administration (1971-till now):
Public administration as public administration is the final paradigm of Traditional Public Administration (TPA). Here public administration occupies its core status as separate studies.
NAPAA (National Association of Public Affairs and Administration); this institute has helped it to reach their position, although till now has many limitations here.