Today, we try to discuss the paradigm of Traditional Public Administration (TPA). Next, we will discuss the Modern Public Administration Paradigms. In this writing, doesn’t deliver the details. But, here will touch the main point of the topic. However, let’s start the review on the paradigms of traditional public administration. For instance:-
Traditional Public Administration (TPA) Paradigms:
In the act of theory and practice, Traditional Public Administration (TPA) began in the late 20th century. It lasted in western countries up to the last quarter of the 20th century. The beginning of the TPA model is the best seen in the mid-19th century in Britain. After all, the Paradigms of Traditional Public Administration (TPA) are five. Such as:-
- Politics/Administrative Dichotomy,
- Principles of Administration,
- Political Science (Public Administration as Political Science),
- Management (Public Administration as Management), and
- Public Administration as Public Administration.
1. Politics/Administrative Dichotomy (1900-1926):
Firstly, is politics or administration dichotomy. Formerly, US President Woodrow Wilson published the book “The Study of Administration (1887)”. From this book, arose the dichotomy between politics and administration. He inserted two activities of the state in there. Such as:-
- Politics activities
- Administration activities
About the administration didn’t detail from him. But its thinking accepted two administrators. They were Frank J. Goodnow and L. D. White. They shared two different opinions. Such as:-
Frank J. Goodnow:
Frank J. Goodnow published a book “Politics and Administration (1900)”. In that, his opinions are two. For instance:- politics is a policy of the state. Another, the administration is the implementation of state policy.
L. D. White:
L. D. White published a book “Introduction to the Study of Public Administration (1939)”. It is the first book in the field of public administration. He said a single thing, in that matter. For instance:- politics is apart from the administration.
2. Principles of Administration (1927-1937):
Secondly, it is the principles of administration. W. F. Willoughby published the book “Principles of Administration (1927)”. In this session, contributed many administrators. Along with this, they tried to develop the principles of administration. Mary Parker Follett, Henri Fayol, James Mooney, and Alan Reiley highlighted the self. For instance:-
|Frederick Winslow Taylor||Scientific Management||1911|
|Mary Parker Follett||Creative Experience||1924|
|James Mooney & Alan Reiley||Principles of Organization||1947|
|Henri Fayol||General and Industrial Management||1949|
Luther Gulick and Lyndall Urwick published the book “Papers on the Science of Administration (1937)”. Here built in the POSDCORB. It is an ideal principle of public administration. Such as:-
- P = Planning,
- O = Organizing,
- S = Staffing,
- D = Directing,
- CO = Cooperating,
- R = Regulating, and
- B = Budgeting.
Nevertheless, you can check the Steps of POSDCORB. This article carries the value of practical examples. And, also includes the essential things.
3. Political Science; Public Administration as Political Science (1950-1970):
Thirdly, is Public administration as political science. Here, TPA earned the second status of political science. As a result, the public administration lost its heightened. And stamped out the importance of making a separate field or subject.
4. Management; Public Administration as Management (1956-1970):
Fourthly, is public administration as management. Public administration has turned down the bias of the 2nd status of political science. The public administration, as the proclamation of control, code, there.
Although the public administration borns from political science, it passed childhood life in management to reach youth life.
5. Public Administration as Public Administration (1971-till now):
Fifthly, is Public administration as general administration. It is the final paradigm of Traditional Public Administration. Here public administration occupies its core status as a separate study.
NAPAA (National Association of Public Affairs and Administration) is an international institute. It has helped to reach the TPA status, although many limitations cover, there. NAPAA is the generator Institue of TPA.
This writing reviews the paradigms of public administration.
Finally, we can able to determine the paradigms. After reading this article, a student can enrich his learning in this field. This article is not only for the student but also for any inheritors of public administration. The development of private and public administration is another relevant article. Anybody should read it, after all.