POSDCORB Steps and Importance with Example

In Public Administration and Management, POSDCORB broadly uses it as the classical view of Organizational theory. It appeared most conspicuously in a 1937 paper by Luther Gulick and Lyndall Urwick. However, he first showed the concept in 1935. Primarily, it proposed in an exertion to develop public service professionals.


A memo prepared while he was a member of the Brownlow Committee, in his piece “Notes on the Theory of Organization.” Luther Gulick asked verbally, “What is the work of the chief executive? and What does he do?” POSDCORB is the answer to these questions, for example, “considered to call devotion to the numerous functional elements of a chief executive’s work because ‘management’ and ‘administration’ have lost all exact content.” For instance, according to Gulick, the elements are:

P = Planning
O = Organizing
S = Staffing
D = Directing
CO = Co-ordinating
R = Reporting
B = Budgeting
importance of posdcorb Steps by luther gulic and lyndar urwick
Principles of POSDCORB Steps

7 Steps of POSDCORB:

This really refers to the many steps or phases involved in a distinctive administrative process. It can elucidate in detail. Such as:

  1. Planning: Planning refers to the establishment of a broad draft of the work. It is to accomplish and the process incorporated to implement them.
  2. Organizing involves formally defining, synchronizing, and classifying the various subdivisions or sub-processes of the work.
  3. Staffing: Staffing involves selecting and recruiting the correct applicants for the job. And facilitates their training and orientation while sustaining a promising work environment.
  4. Directing: Directing entails delegating structured and decision-making instructions and orders to accomplish them.
  5. Coordinating: Coordinating fundamentally refers to scoring and interspersing the many mechanisms of the work.
  6. Reporting: Reporting contains frequently updating the superior about the improvement or the work-related doings. The information distribution can be through inspection or records.
  7. Budgeting: Budgeting comprises all the happenings that under Accounting, Auditing Control, and Fiscal Planning.


In early 1938, the scholar began giving the impression in the field of Public Administration, thought-provoking the legitimacy of POSDCORB. The notion that there could even be an inflexible set of principles in administration. Protuberant Public Administration scholars such as Herbert Alexander Simon, Robert Dahl, and Dwight Waldo. They published articles and books criticizing and the concept of the principle in 1946 & 1947. Among other criticisms, Herbert Alexander Simon statuses that its values are a simplification of administration. Herbert Alexander Simon’s criticisms mostly center around the unity of command and span of control. Stating that every so often, a subordinate must take directives or guidance from more than one cause, as well as Luther Gulick’s specialization concepts. Other disapprovals of Simon intricate that there was a lack of indication for the POSDCORB. Yet others claim that organizations are full of diversity and are thought-provoking to control.

Strength of POSDCORB:

It usually suits the Classical Management movement, categorizing as a component of scientific management. The principles were instrumental in emphasizing the theory of span of control. Or These were restrictions on the number of people one administrator could administrate, in addition to the unity of command to the grounds of public administration and management.

The strengths of it; also call 14 principles of management. Such as:

  1. Division of Work
  2. Authority and Responsibility
  3. Discipline
  4. Unity of Command
  5. Unity of Direction
  6. Subordination of Individual Interest to General Interest
  7. Remuneration of Personnel
  8. Centralization
  9. Scalar Chain
  10. Order
  11. Equity
  12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel
  13. Initiative
  14. Esprit de Corps

Why is it Necessary?

Every single business desires to have a methodical framework in confirming. There is extreme output, least expenditure, and higher boundaries. It is a technique in management where staff and personnel can accomplish in away. It would be advantageous for a business. This notion benefits organizations to break down the effort into numerous procedures and support supreme value out to each staff. These phases and steps of these principles support the Human Resource team to deliver to a business’s desires.

Link: Principles of New Public Management

Example of POSDCORB:

Contemplate a multinational opening and exercise concerning a decent number of staff in the staff. As per POSDCORB, the planning phase would be doing a thorough investigation of the number of individuals needed, work type, team size, etc. Staffing and organizing phases would the Human Resource department. These create a list of individuals, i.e., superintendents and minions, who would execute this role. Once this is completed, as per these principles guiding would be giving directions and warranting the strategy’s implementation as per the obligation. To safeguard and improved two-way communication, managing plays a prime role. On one occasion, all this completed, the different ways of reporting do, which confirms the team’s responsibility and accountability. Lastly, the budget to be distributed is considered. In this manner, it can use for good management.

Link: Modern Paradigms of Public Administration

However, this accomplishes the explanation of POSDCORB along with its outline. In his 2016 portion, consultant Paul Chalekian recommended an experiential suggestion for it concerning the acceptance of establishments and element support.

There are some references to enrich the knowledge of the topic.
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