The procedure of running an organization, business, etc. is the definition of administration or administration definition and administration meaning. In the 20th century, public administration started existence as a youth branch under political science. Its importance of it is rising day by day in new activities of the state. Many scholars believe that it is the heart of modern civilization. Its contribution is demandable in social balance, peace, solidarity, sustainability, etc. However, let’s start discussing the administration meaning, administration definition or definition of administration, and PA with meaning and definition.
What does Public Administration Meaning?
In public, administrators disagree on the meaning and definition of it. For this reason, it is challenging to provide a proper sense or introduce this phrase. So, what does public administration mean? Answering is impossible without a detailed description and required conditions. At first, we will know the origin of the public word and the origin of the administration word. Such as:-
Origin of PUBLIC Word:
PUBLIC is an English word. It originated with the Latin word POPULUS (people). Then this word transformed into POPLICUS (of the people) and PUBES (adult). After a long time of transforming, this word presented PUBLICUS as an Old French word. Finally, PUBLIC was established from the late Middle English word.
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Origin of ADMINISTRATION Word:
ADMINISTRATION is an English word. At first, it originated as the Old Latin word ADMINISTRARE. Then this word changed into ADMINISTRATION. It came in English as ADMINISTER. Finally, It has occupied its own position as an ADMINISTRATION word in the Middle English period.
The phrase PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (the short form is PA) constitutes two words, for example, one PUBLIC and another ADMINISTRATION. The meaning of PUBLIC is “people in general.” In political science, the public means overall people instead of a single body. Additionally, the meaning of ADMINISTRATION is “rule or service of the state.” So, both together means “rule of the state for people.”.
What is Public Administration Definition?
From a visual perspective, some scholars try to implement PA in a broad sense. In this sense, the work of the various departments of the government does under PA. This doctrine’s name is the Integral Approach. Among such pioneers, Leonard Dupee White, William Franklin Willoughby, Woodrow Wilson, Marshall Edward Dimock, etc. are notable.
On the other hand, some scholars try to implement PA in a narrow sense. This doctrine’s name is the Managerial Approach. Among such pioneers, Luther Halsey Gulick, Henri Fayol, etc. are notable.
PA consists of all those operations having for their purpose the fulfillment or enforcement of public policy as declared by the competent authority.
[Ref: Leonard D. White, “Instruction to the study of Public Administration, 1926” page No- 01]
A system of PA is the composite of all the laws, regulations, practice, relationships, codes and customs that prevail at any time in any jurisdiction for the fulfillment or execution of public policy.
[Ref: Salam, Lokman & Nazrul, “Introduction to PA” in 2012 Page No-07]
Public Administration is a detailed and systematic application of the law. Every particular application of the law is an act of administration.
[Ref: Woodrow Wilson, “The Study of Administration, Political Quarterly” in 1941 Page No- 481-566]
The administration is concerned with the ‘What’ and ‘How’ of government. The ‘what’ is the subject matter, the technical knowledge of a field that enables the administrator to perform his tasks. The ‘how’ is the technique of management, the principles according to which co-operative programs are carried to success.
[Ref: Ali Ashraf, “The Study of Administration” in 1937 Page No-31-32]
The administration is comprised of planning, including research and for casting, organization, command, coordination, and control.
[Ref: Salam, Lokman & Nazrul, “Introduction to PA” in 2012 Page No-07]
Administration has to do with getting things done; with the accomplishment of defined objectives. (POSDCORB)
[Ref: Luther Gullick, “Papers on the Science of Administration” in 1937 Page No- 191]
Founding Father of Public Administration
In 1887, Woodrow Wilson wrote an essay entitled “The Study of Administration,” in which he formally recognized public administration as a field of study. He also proposed that colleges begin offering classes in the subject. This formal recognition led to the first introduction to public administration careers program being established at the University of Michigan. The first course in PA was taught by James R. Angell, who was a strong advocate for PA as a form of government management and as a profession.
Wilson first began his foray into public administration when he stepped down from his position as president of Princeton University in 1902. He had previously refused to accept any salary or compensation for his role as president and instead had been supported by donations based on his reputation and influence as a scholar. His tenure at Princeton lasted 15 years; during this time, he focused primarily on the improvement of the school’s administrative structure. He is considered to be one of the founding fathers of the modern university system, having led Princeton through a period of rapid growth and expansion throughout the late 19th century through consolidation with other local schools and lowering tuition costs so that more students could enroll. As president, Wilson hired faculty members who were pioneers in their fields, including sociologist Franklin Giddings, who coined the term “sociology”.
Fundamental Concept of Public Administration:
In a good modern state of PA, the government represents all of the population. So, the state’s administration is also an artificial institute that people have created for their own needs. In this viewpoint, state and administration have been created in early civilization. Although it was straightforward in the first stage, it complicates day-by-day through the increasing population and their necessity. As a result, the state has taken such initiatives, establishing the administration and administrator. So, we can say that politics and PA are part and parcel.
Inspired by the Greek philosopher Socrates’ ideal, Plato thought the ideal state to establish proper justice for all. Additionally, Plato’s disciple Aristotle emphasizes the rational structure of the state. In his opinion, people need a sensibly moderated state due to healthy living. Here, the tool of management will be PA. See the following infographic to understand. Such as:-
What are the Four Pillars of Public Administration?
The Board of Directors of the National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) has adopted four pillars of public administration. It is mentioned another way, for example, social equity and 3Es. 3Es is the feature of New Public Management. However, these four pillars are very important to achieve the goal. The four pillars are included below. Such as:
- Social Equity
Conclusion on Government and Public Administration:
In the context of the above administration meaning, administration definition or definition of administration and jobs in public administration definition, we can say that PA is the work of the various departments of the government with a view to public welfare and a combination of managerial techniques for performing them as well as the planned and integrated use of these. As the executive division executes all state activities, the action of the executive division is the PA.
We try to give your basic knowledge on this topic. Remember that this discussion is not enough to understand this topic properly. If you want to get more knowledge, you have to read more and get enrich yourself perfectly. However, there are some important references or books that are very helpful for your studies and research.