POSDCORB Steps & Importance with Example

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In the field of Public Administration and Management, POSDCORB is broadly used as the classical view of Organizational theory. It was appeared most conspicuously in a 1937 paper by Luther Gulick and Lyndall Urwick. However, he first showed the concept in 1935. Primarily, POSDCORB was proposed in an exertion to develop public service professionals.


A memo prepared while he was a member of the Brownlow Committee, in his piece “Notes on the Theory of Organization”. Luther Gulick is asked verbally “What is the work of the chief executive? and What does he do?” POSDCORB is the answer of these questions, “considered to call devotion to the numerous functional elements of the work of a chief executive because ‘management’ and ‘administration’ have lost all exact content.” According to Gulick, the elements are:

P = Planning
O = Organizing
S = Staffing
D = Directing
CO = Co-ordinating
R = Reporting
B = Budgeting

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Steps of POSDCORB:

This really refers to the many steps or phases involved in a distinctive administrative process. The POSDCORB can be elucidated in detail below:

  1. Planning: Planning refers to the establishment a broad draft of the work to be accomplished and the process incorporated to implement them.
  2. Organizing: Organizing involves formally defining, synchronizing and classifying the various subdivisions or sub-processes of the work to be done.
  3. Staffing: Staffing involves selecting and recruiting the correct applicants for the job and facilitating their training and orientation while sustaining a promising work environment.
  4. Directing: Directing entails delegating structured and decision-making instructions and orders to accomplish them.
  5. Coordinating: Coordinating fundamentally refers to scoring and interspersing the many mechanisms of the work.
  6. Reporting: Reporting contains frequently updating the superior about the improvement or the work-related doings. The information distribution can be through inspection or records.
  7. Budgeting: Budgeting comprises of all the happenings that under Accounting, Auditing Control and Fiscal Planning.

Link: Administrative Theory

Criticisms of POSDCORB:

Early 1938, the scholar was begun giving the impression in the field of Public Administration thought-provoking the legitimacy of POSDCORB and the notion that there could even be an inflexible set of principles in administration. Protuberant Public Administration scholars such as Herbert Alexander Simon, Robert Dahl, and Dwight Waldo were published articles and published books criticizing POSDCORB and the principles concept in 1946 & 1947. Among other criticisms, Herbert Alexander Simon statuses that it values are a simplification of administration. Herbert Alexander Simon’s criticisms mostly center around the unity of command and span of control, stating that every so often it is compulsory for a subordinate to take directives or guidance from more than one cause, as well as Luther Gulick’s specialization concepts. Other disapprovals of Simon intricate that there was a lack of indication for the POSDCORB. Yet others claim that organizations are full of diversity and are thought-provoking to control.

Importance of POSDCORB:

Every single business desires to have a methodical framework in confirming there is extreme output, least expenditure, and higher boundaries. POSDCORB is a technique in management where staff and personnel can be accomplished in a way which would be advantageous for a business. These notion benefits organizations to break down the effort into numerous procedures and support in receiving supreme value out to each staff. These phases and steps of this principles support the Human Resource team to deliver to the desires of a business.

Link: Principles of New Public Management

Example of POSDCORB:

Contemplate a multinational opening an exercise concerning a decent number of staffs in the staff. As per POSDCORB, the planning phase would be doing the thorough investigation of the number of individuals needed, work type, team size etc. Staffing and organizing phases would be the Human Resource department created a list of individuals i.e. superintendents and minions who would execute this role. One this is completed, as per POSDCORB guiding would be giving directions and warranting implementation of the strategy as per the obligation. To safeguard an improved two-way communication, managing plays a prime role. On one occasion all this completed, the different ways of reporting are done which confirms responsibility and accountability of the team. Lastly, the budget to be distributed is considered. In this manner, it can be used for good management.

Link: Modern Paradigms of Public Administration

Henceforward, this accomplishes the explanation of POSDCORB along with its outline. In his 2016 portion “POSDCORB Instantiations,” consultant Paul Chalekian recommended experiential suggestion for POSDCORB concerning the acceptance of establishments and element support.

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